Keeping track of which screening tests you need can seem even harder than keeping track of your kids' homework assignments or the receipts for your taxes. Yet getting the right tests as the right time can spell the difference between catching a medical problem early and finding it when it's too late.

Your doctor can tell you exactly which tests you need and when based on your health, age and history, but you can get a sense of the screenings most women will need from the chart below, based on guidelines from U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). The USPSTF is made up of primary care providers such as internists, pediatricians, family physicians, gynecologists/obstetricians, nurses, and health behavior specialists.

Worried about the cost? Many preventive services are covered, at zero cost to you, due to the Affordable Care Act. Check with your insurance company to find out about a specific test.

if you smoke, have a family history of heart problems, are overweight or obese or have diabetes, pay special attention to the the blood pressure and cholesterol tests you may need. If you've ever had a sexually transmitted infection or you have a new or multiple sexual partners, pay special attention to the chlamydia gonorrhea, HIV and syphilis tests you may need. 

Read more about how often you need a Pap test here.

You may want to be screened more often for certain diseases based on  your family health history.

If you have any questions about what tests you need and why, talk to your doctor. 

Screening tests

Screening tests Ages 18–39 Ages 40–49 Ages 50–64 Ages 65 and older
Blood pressure test Get tested at least every 2 years if you have normal blood pressure (lower than 120/80).

Get tested once a year if you have blood pressure between 120/80 and 139/89.

Discuss treatment with your doctor or nurse if you have blood pressure 140/90 or higher.
Get tested at least every 2 years if you have normal blood pressure (lower than 120/80).

Get tested once a year if you have blood pressure between 120/80 and 139/89.

Discuss treatment with your doctor or nurse if you have blood pressure 140/90 or higher.
Get tested at least every 2 years if you have normal blood pressure (lower than 120/80).

Get tested once a year if you have blood pressure between 120/80 and 139/89.

Discuss treatment with your doctor or nurse if you have blood pressure 140/90 or higher.
Get tested at least every 2 years if you have normal blood pressure (lower than 120/80).

Get tested once a year if you have blood pressure between 120/80 and 139/89.

Discuss treatment with your doctor or nurse if you have blood pressure 140/90 or higher.
Bone mineral density test
(osteoporosis screening)
Discuss with your doctor or nurse if you are at risk of osteoporosis. Get this test at least once at age 65 or older.

Talk to your doctor or nurse about repeat testing.
Breast cancer screening
(mammogram)
Discuss with your doctor or nurse. Starting at age 50, get screened every 2 years. Get screened every 2 years through age 74.

Age 75 and older, ask your doctor or nurse if you need to be screened.
Cervical cancer screening
(Pap test)
Get a Pap test every 3 years if you are 21 or older and have a cervix.

If you are 30 or older, you can get a Pap test and HPV test together every 5 years.
Get a Pap test and HPV test together every 5 years if you have a cervix. Get a Pap test and HPV test together every 5 years if you have a cervix. Ask your doctor or nurse if you need to get a Pap test.
Chlamydia test Get tested for chlamydia yearly through age 24 if you are sexually active or pregnant.

Age 25 and older, get tested for chlamydia if you are at  increased risk, pregnant or not pregnant.
Get tested for chlamydia if you are sexually active and at  increased risk, pregnant or not pregnant. Get tested for chlamydia if you are sexually active and at  increased risk. Get tested for chlamydia if you are sexually active and at  increased risk.
Cholesterol test Starting at age 20, get a cholesterol test regularly if you are at increased risk for heart disease.

Ask your doctor or nurse how often you need your cholesterol tested.
Get a cholesterol test regularly if you are at increased risk for heart disease.

Ask your doctor or nurse how often you need your cholesterol tested.
Get a cholesterol test regularly if you are at increased risk for heart disease.

Ask your doctor or nurse how often you need your cholesterol tested.
Get a cholesterol test regularly if you are at increased risk for heart disease.

Ask your doctor or nurse how often you need your cholesterol tested.
Colorectal cancer screening (using fecal occult blood testing, sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy) Starting at age 50, get screened for colorectal cancer.

Talk to your doctor or nurse about which screening test is best for you and how often you need it.
Get screened for colorectal cancer through age 75.

Talk to your doctor or nurse about which screening test is best for you and how often you need it.
Diabetes screening Get screened for diabetes if your blood pressure is higher than 135/80 or if you take medicine for high blood pressure. Get screened for diabetes if your blood pressure is higher than 135/80 or if you take medicine for high blood pressure. Get screened for diabetes if your blood pressure is higher than 135/80 or if you take medicine for high blood pressure. Get screened for diabetes if your blood pressure is higher than 135/80 or if you take medicine for high blood pressure.
Gonorrhea test Get tested for gonorrhea if you are sexually active and at  increased risk, pregnant or not pregnant. Get tested for gonorrhea if you are sexually active and at  increased risk, pregnant or not pregnant. Get tested for gonorrhea if you are sexually active and at  increased risk. Get tested for gonorrhea if you are sexually active and at  increased risk.
HIV test Get tested for HIV at least once.

Discuss your risk with your doctor or nurse because you may need more frequent tests.

All pregnant women need to be tested for HIV.
Get tested for HIV at least once.

Discuss your risk with your doctor or nurse because you may need more frequent tests.

All pregnant women need to be tested for HIV.
Get tested for HIV at least once.

Discuss your risk with your doctor or nurse because you may need more frequent tests.
Get tested for HIV at least once if you are age 65 and have never been tested.Get tested if you are at increased  risk for HIV.

Discuss your risk with your doctor or nurse.
Syphilis test Get tested for syphilis if you are at  increased risk or pregnant. Get tested for syphilis if you are at  increased risk or pregnant. Get tested for syphilis if you are at  increased risk. Get tested for syphilis if you are at  increased risk.

This chart was originally posted on Women'sHealth.gov.

Sydney is a self-proclaimed social media addict and a recent grad of the University of Georgia with a B.A. in Journalism. She spent two summers in New York interning with Cosmopolitan.com and iVillage, where one of her articles garnered the most traffic on the site. In her free time, when she’s not pinning DIY projects or fostering golden retrievers, she looks forward to Christmas so she can add to her 25 days of baking blog. Her favorite safety tip: Don’t text and drive — no text is worth it!